How to Hold a Baseball Bat: A Step-by-Step Guide

A. Coatess

Written by

A. Coatess



Sean Hunter

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how to hold a baseball bat

Making successful hits in baseball is not just a matter of picking up the bat and hitting the ball. You need to learn how to hold a baseball bat properly. Having the proper baseball bat grip helps relax your body, increase your swing speed, and ensure strong contact with the ball.

Seasoned baseball players keep practicing the correct way to hold a baseball bat day in and day out. In this article, we will take a look at five simple steps that will help you achieve that proper grip, attain a better batting average, and prevent grip-related injuries.

Baseball Bat Anatomy


First things first. A quick look at the basic sections of the baseball bat is essential in understanding why it is important to hold a bat properly. The modern baseball bat has five parts:

  • Knob – a protruding section at the bottom end that helps keep the hands in place and prevent slipping
  • Grip – the section above the knob, usually wrapped in rubber or other non-slip materials, so it sits well in the batter’s hands
  • Handle – the entire section where the batter may place the hands when hitting a ball
  • Barrel – the thickest section of the bat that makes contact with the ball
  • End Cap – the topmost section of the barrel designed to improve control and reduce swing weight

Now that you’re familiar with the parts of the baseball bat, check out our step-by-step guide on how to grip a baseball bat.

The Proper Way to Hold a Baseball Bat


Holding a baseball bat correctly begins with knowing where to position your palm and fingers on the handle. The overall goal is to have a fundamentally sound grip on the bat for a solid connection with the ball.

Step 1: Position the handle on the bottom hand.

  • Place the handle of the bat on your bottom hand. Your bottom hand is your non-dominant hand, which is the left if you’re right handed and the right for left-handed hitters.
  • Make sure the lower end of the handle is directed towards the ground, just a little over your front foot. Your front foot is on the same side as your bottom or non-dominant hand.
  • When done correctly, this will maximize control over your swing and batting angle.
  • When done improperly, this lets you exert needless energy and may result in a wrist injury.

Step 2: Adjust the fingers and align the knuckles.


  • Next, wrap the index finger of your bottom hand around the bat. It should be bent but separate from the middle, ring, and pinky fingers which are wrapped fully around the handle.
  • Make sure the knuckles of your fingers are pointing up towards the barrel of the bat.
  • When done correctly, this helps you maneuver the bat better. It also gives more flexibility to adjust the bat during the swing.
  • When done improperly, the hand holding baseball bat becomes sore and tires easily. As a result, it will be more difficult to endure lengthy matches.

Step 3: Keep the palm away.

  • The bat should never be held too deep in the palm, so make sure you’re mostly gripping the handle with your fingers.
  • At the very least, only the upper portion of your palm may come in contact with the bat handle. This ensures speed and power as well as maximum flexion of the wrist during the swing.
  • When done correctly, this enables you to make split-second adjustments when hitting the ball.
  • When done improperly, reaction time is a lot slower, and the propensity for missing pitches in the strike zone is higher.

Step 4: Place your top hand on the handle.

  • Using your dominant or top hand, grip the bat just above your bottom hand. This should be done in the same manner as your non-dominant hand.
  • To ensure proper placement of both hands on baseball bat, the second finger knuckles of the top hand should be aligned with the primary knuckles of the bottom hand.
  • When done correctly, this keeps your rear elbow up and promotes more torque to generate added power to your swing. The grip also feels more natural and relaxed.
  • When done improperly, there’s more tension on the arms and hands, resulting in decreased power and efficiency.

Step 5: Grip the bat lightly prior to the swing.


  • Focus on keeping an effortless grip on the handle before delivering your swing. Your grip will tighten instinctively as the swing progresses and will be the tightest when it hits the ball.
  • Make an extra effort to keep your upper body relaxed so you don’t tense up and lose power when you hit the ball.
  • When done correctly, the proper baseball bat grip enables you to deliver an extra whip that will ramp up your swing speed and boost hitting distance.
  • When done improperly, it decreases bat speed, slows the ball down, and may result in hand and wrist injuries.

Best Baseball Bat Position


Now that you’ve learned the correct way to grip a baseball bat, it also helps to know how different bat positions affect the way you hit the ball. Also referred to as bat angle of launch angle, variations greatly affect how the ball reacts once it makes contact with the bat.

There are three basic positions that will make a good holding baseball bat reference:

1. Perpendicular position (bat is held straight up and down in a vertical manner)

  • Back part of the swing takes longer to reach the ball
  • Generates more power due to added length of the swing
  • Allows more time to increase bat speed
  • Results in a natural loop in the swing and increases the odds of hitting the lower part of the ball

2. Parallel position (bat is held flat in a horizontal manner)

  • Back part of the swing takes shorter to reach the ball
  • Generates less power due to the shorter distance between swing and contact
  • Gives a more direct path to the ball
  • Increases your chances of making a successful contact

3. 45-degree position (bat is held between perpendicular and parallel positions in a slanted manner)

  • Less pressure on shoulder, and arms are more relaxed
  • Generates just the right amount of speed and power during the swing
  • Bat is in a stronger position during contact with the ball
  • Improves rhythm and timing and gives a little more whip to a hit

A lot of people prefer to hold the bat at a slanted angle, but there are no hard and fast rules regarding the proper baseball bat position. Everything boils down to personal preference and what type of hitter you want to be.

Just bear in mind that you’ll generate more power when you hold the bat in a vertical manner. On the other hand, you’ll have a better contact rate when you hold it in a horizontal position. Hold your bat at a slanted angle if you want to get a bit of both.


Getting the barrel of the bat squarely on the ball with the best possible speed and power is the primary job of every batter. Clearly, knowing how to hold a baseball bat properly is crucial in making this happen.

Learning how to grip a baseball bat can easily be achieved in five simple steps. Feel free to share this guide with family, friends, or anyone else wanting to know the secret to make that awesome homerun swing!

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