What’s a BBCOR Bat? Why Does It Matter?

A. Coatess

Written by

A. Coatess



Sean Hunter

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what is a bbcor bats

Equipment is a vital aspect of the game of baseball, and one particular standard holds great importance when it comes to non-wood bats in high school and college baseball: BBCOR.

To answer your question, what’s a BBCOR bat?,” it’s a specific type of baseball bat that adheres to a set standard created by the NCAA and NFHS for high school and college baseball.

However, BBCOR is more than just that which is why this article will provide its important details.

Definition and Explanation of BBCOR

1. What does BBCOR mean?


Essentially, BBCOR stands for “Batted Ball Coefficient of Restitution.”

The BBCOR meaning is that it serves as a standard that governs the energy transfer when a bat comes into contact with a baseball. This regulation ensures that a controlled amount of energy is lost during the collision.

BBCOR, in simple terms, regulates the “trampoline effect” of a bat’s barrel and its impact on the ball’s exit speed. When a bat has a higher trampoline effect, the ball bounces off the bat faster.

2. What is it for?


The BBCOR value represents the Bat Performance Factor (BPF), which measures the increase in the ball’s liveliness after it strikes the bat compared to hitting a solid wall.

For instance, a BBCOR bat with a 0.50 BPF stamp means that the ball, rebounding off the bat at rest, will lose 50% of its initial pitching velocity.

This standardized measurement ensures that the bat’s performance remains within defined limits, promoting fair play and maintaining consistency in high school and college baseball.

By controlling the trampoline effect, BBCOR helps balance the game and ensures a level playing field for all players.

The BBCOR bat standard, often referred to as “BBCOR .50,” is diligently enforced by esteemed organizations such as the National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) and the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA).

To signify their compliance with these regulations, bats must prominently display the official “BBCOR 50” mark on their taper, providing players and officials with the assurance of adherence to the prescribed performance limits.

Benefits of Using a BBCOR Bat

1. Why this standard created


The introduction of the BBCOR standard has had a profound impact on the game of baseball at the amateur level, prioritizing both integrity and safety.

Recognizing the increasing offensive performance, particularly in Home Runs and Runs Scored, in NCAA Division 1 and concerns about pitcher safety, the NCAA and NFHS decided to reassess the effectiveness of the BESR (Ball Exit Speed Ratio) standard.

Thus, they developed and implemented the BBCOR standard, aiming to establish new parameters.

Since its introduction, the BBCOR standard has successfully reduced batted ball speeds by approximately 5% compared to the previous BESR standard, ensuring a more controlled and safer game environment.

2. Do I need BBCOR bat


Understanding the significance of a BBCOR certified bat and BBCOR definition is essential, especially for leagues following NFHS and NCAA regulations.

While BBCOR bats are often permitted in older divisions of major youth baseball organizations, it’s important to note that they are not always the exclusive bat options.

For instance, in Little League Baseball’s Intermediate Division, BBCOR bats are not mandatory, but the rules do mention that bats meeting the BBCOR performance standard are permitted.

To ensure complete clarity regarding bat requirements for your specific youth league division, refer to the organization’s official website or reach out to your league representative for accurate information.

Remember, each division has its own unique bat rules, and staying informed will help you choose the appropriate bat that aligns with your league’s guidelines.

BBCOR Bat Regulations and Certification


There are BBCOR bat regulations that every baseball player from leagues under NFHS and NCAA must follow.

  • First, BBCOR baseball bat must adhere to specific requirements, including being -3 or heavier in weight and having a barrel diameter no larger than 2⅝ inches.
  • Second, solid, one-piece wooden bats are automatically BBCOR-certified, while multi-piece wood bats require an examination to ensure proper construction.

Since January 1, 2011, NCAA and other organizations following NCAA rules mandate the use of BBCOR certified bats. The swing weight of a BBCOR bat determines whether it is “end-loaded” for power hitters or “balanced” for contact hitters.

  • Lastly, composite bats can be used in college and high school baseball if they pass the BBCOR test, with BBCOR bats having a -3 weight-to-length ratio. Currently, BBCOR -5 bats are not being produced as leagues that allow -5 bats do not specifically require BBCOR -5 bats.

The use of BBCOR bats has resulted in significant statistical differences resembling the performance of wooden bats, according to reports by the NCAA.

Differences Between BBCOR and Other Types of Bats


You cannot do a comparison of BBCOR vs composite since composite pertains to the quality of the material used while BBCOR pertains to the standards that governed all bats in high school and college.

However, when it comes to BBCOR vs USSSA bat, it’s a different story.

While BBCOR bats are required for a high school play, USSSA-approved bats offer more freedom and flexibility in youth tournaments across the USA. Unlike BBCOR bats, USSSA bats have no specific limitations on barrel diameter or trampoline effect.

This allows USSSA bats to perform better in hitting as they have more lenient standards. However, it’s important to note that BBCOR bats are necessary to meet the regulations set for high school baseball.

So, while USSSA bats provide enhanced performance opportunities in youth tournaments, the use of BBCOR bats is essential to ensure compliance and fairness in high school-level play.


Are BBCOR bats legal for USA?

The choice of a bat depends on the specific division of play. In Little League Intermediate Baseball and Junior League Baseball Divisions, both USA Bats and BBCOR bats are allowed. However, for Senior League Baseball play, only BBCOR bats are permitted.

 It’s important to check the regulations and guidelines of the specific league and division to ensure compliance with the designated bat requirements.

Why are BBCOR bats so expensive?

The higher cost of BBCOR bats can be attributed to the material used, strict compliance with standards, limited market demand, performance enhancements, and brand reputation.

These bats incorporate cutting-edge materials and undergo rigorous testing to meet the required standards. BBCOR bats cater specifically to high school and college players, resulting in a smaller market size.

The performance enhancements and durability offered by BBCOR bats, along with the trust associated with reputable brands, contribute to their higher price tag.

Are all BBCOR bats drop 3?

Yes, however, if you have a bat drop heavier than 3 like a BBCOR drop 5, it’s still acceptable.

What is inside a BBCOR bat?

They’re just the same as every bat in the market however, their weight and length vary because of the standards they’re being restricted


Now that you know the answer to your question, “What’s a BBCOR bat?” you’ll be able to know its value in baseball. Understanding BBCOR bats is vital in baseball. It promotes fair competition, balanced gameplay, fan appreciation, and player safety.

BBCOR bats ensure a level field, emphasizing strategy over power-hitting. They deepen fan understanding and enjoyment while reducing the risk of injuries.

As baseball evolves, knowledge of BBCOR bats remains crucial for all involved, fostering the sport’s growth and enhancing the overall experience.

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